IV. WORDS RELATING TO THE INTELLECTUAL FACULTIES; FORMATION OF IDEAS

IV. REASONING PROCESSES

[The absence of reasoning.] Intuition. [False or vicious reasoning; show of reason.] Sophistry.

[Antonyms: reasoning.]

[Nouns] intuition, instinct, association; presentiment; rule of thumb.

sophistry, paralogy, perversion, casuistry, jesuitry, equivocation, evasion; chicane, chicanery; quiddet, quiddity; mystification; special pleading; speciousness; nonsense [more]; word-fence, tongue-fence.

false reasoning, vicious reasoning; petitio principii, ignoratio elenchi; post hoc ergo propter hoc; non sequitur, ignotum per ignotius.

misjudgment [more]; false teaching [more].

sophism, solecism, paralogism; quibble, quirk, elenchus, elench, fallacy, quod-libet, subterfuge, subtlety, quillet; inconsistency, antilogy; "a delusion, a mockery, and a snare" [Denman]; claptrap, mere words; "lame and impotent conclusion" [Othello].

meshes of sophistry, cobwebs of sophistry; flaw in an argument; weak point, bad case.

overrefinement; hairsplitting.

[Verbs] judge intuitively, judge by intuition; hazard a proposition, hazard a guess, talk at random.

reason ill, reason falsely; misjudge [more]; paralogize.

pervert, quibble; equivocate, mystify, evade, elude; gloss over, varnish; misteach [more]; mislead (error) [more]; cavil, refine, subtilize, split airs; misrepresent (lie) [more].

beg the question, reason in a circle, cut blocks with a razor, beat about the bush, play fast and loose, blow hot and cold, prove that black is white and white black, travel out of the record, parler a tort et a travers, put oneself out of court, not have a leg to stand on.

[Adjectives] intuitive, instinctive, impulsive; independent of reason, anterior to reason; gratuitous, hazarded; unconnected.

unreasonable, illogical, false, unsound, invalid; unwarranted, not following; inconsequent, inconsequential; inconsistent; absonous, absonant; unscientific; untenable, inconclusive, incorrect; fallacious, fallible; groundless, unproved.

deceptive, sophistical, jesuitical; illusive, illusory; specious, hollow, plausible, ad captandum, evasive; irrelevant [more].

weak, feeble, poor, flimsy, loose, vague, irrational; nonsensical (absurd) [more]; foolish (imbecile) [more]; frivolous, pettifogging, quibbling; finespun, overrefined.

at the end of one's tether, au bout de son latin.

[Adverbs] intuitively; by intuition; illogically

[Phrases] non constat; that goes for nothing.

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